Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) is a structured and focused intervention that aims to help you achieve goals. CBT is based on the idea that the way we feel is affected by our thoughts, beliefs and by how we behave. Rather than concentrating on the past causes of your difficulties, CBT focuses on problems in the ‘here and now’ and teach you how to use practical approaches to improve how you are feeling.
If CBT is recommended, you will typically attend a session with a therapist once a week. The course of treatment usually lasts for between 8 to 12 sessions, during the sessions; you’ll work with your therapist to break down your problems into their separate parts, such as you thoughts, physical feelings and actions.
CBT involves planning practical exercises or experiments with your therapist and carrying these out together or as homework between sessions. CBT encourages people to engage in activities and to write down their thoughts and problems for discussion during therapy. CBT can also involve problem-solving and learning how to deal with worry or with difficult memories.
CBT is recommended as the first line treatment for:
- Generalised anxiety
- Health anxiety
- Social anxiety
- Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
- Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD)
- Severe Phobias
- Long Term Conditions